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The Italian form of state: regions and local authorities

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 1300-IS-KPP
Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: The Italian form of state: regions and local authorities
Jednostka: Wydział Prawa i Administracji
Grupy: Przedmioty w ramach Kursu Prawa Porównawczego
Punkty ECTS i inne: 4.00 Podstawowe informacje o zasadach przyporządkowania punktów ECTS:
  • roczny wymiar godzinowy nakładu pracy studenta konieczny do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się dla danego etapu studiów wynosi 1500-1800 h, co odpowiada 60 ECTS;
  • tygodniowy wymiar godzinowy nakładu pracy studenta wynosi 45 h;
  • 1 punkt ECTS odpowiada 25-30 godzinom pracy studenta potrzebnej do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się;
  • tygodniowy nakład pracy studenta konieczny do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się pozwala uzyskać 1,5 ECTS;
  • nakład pracy potrzebny do zaliczenia przedmiotu, któremu przypisano 3 ECTS, stanowi 10% semestralnego obciążenia studenta.
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Pełny opis: (tylko po angielsku)

Monday 11th May 2020

Proff. Fasone and Lupo

1. Forms of State and Forms of Government: the notions

At the beginning of the course, the two main notions that will be used throughout it are defined: the Form of State and the Form of Government. With the former we refer to the relationship between people, territory and sovereignty, also looking at fundamental aims pursued by the public powers. With the latter we refer to the relationship between constitutional bodies, looking at how the function of political direction is distributed among them.

2. The Italian Constitutional History

The lecture will examine the origins of the Italian Constitution of 1947, including the pre-Republican period, addressing Italy’s transition from a liberal State to a democratic and social State, which is clearly represented by the comparison between the Albertine Statute, conceded by Carlo Alberto of Savoy in 1848, and the Republican Constitution, approved by the Constituent Assembly on 22 December 1947. Then, it will analyse the rigidity of the Italian Constitution and its explicit limits to constitutional amendments, which mirror the main features of the process that led to its approval. Finally, an overview of the 16 constitutional amendments that have been approved since 1948, and the three constitutional referendums held, in 2001, 2006, and 2016 will be provided.

Readings:

- C. Fasone, The rule of law crisis in Italy in the framework of the European Union, in Kobe University Law Review, 2020

- N. Lupo, The failed constitutional reform of the Italian Senate, in DPCE online, 2019

- J. Luther, Learning Democracy from the history of constitutional reforms, in Italian Law Journal, special issue, 2017

Tuesday 12th May 2020

Prof. Fasone

3. The Italian Form of State: features and evolution

This lecture will first explore the design of the Italian form of state, in particular investigated here for what concerns the articulation of sovereignty and public authority over the national territory. After having briefly described how the plebiscite in 1946, the geopolitical situation and the relationship between Italy and countries have affected the choice of the Constituent Assembly to distinguish between regions with special Statutes and ordinary regions, the lecture will deal with the cumbersome implementation of the constitutional provisions on regionalism in the first decades of the Italian Republic. Preceded by a series of important administrative and institutional reforms, the lecture will then analyse the constitutional reforms of 1999 (const. law n. 1/1999), on the statutes of ordinary regions and their forms of government, and of 2001 (const. laws n. 2 and 3/2001). Special attention will be devoted to their influence on the relationship between State and regions (as well as local autonomies), still lacking a second chamber representing the regional and local self-government in Parliament, to the expected enhanced legislative autonomy of the regions, and to the case law of the Italian Constitutional Court on the division of the legislative competences and on regional forms of government. The problematic knots of these reforms will be highlighted. The lecture will then move on to the most recent constitutional reform of 2012 and to the problem of the fiscal autonomy and responsibility of regions and local authorities. Finally, the lecture will briefly discuss some recent developments in the Italian regional system, namely the quest for more autonomy (if not independence) by some ordinary regions and the attempt to proceed to regional differentiation under Article 116, third section, It. Const.

Readings:

- G. Delledonne and G. Martinico, Handle with Care! The Regional Charters and Italian Constitutionalism’s ‘Grey Zone’, in European Constitutional Law Review, 2009.

- C. Fasone,”Italian-style” secession and the semi-indifference of national politics, in Verfassungsblog, 2015.

- T. Groppi and N. Scattone, Italy: The subsidiarity principle, in International Journal of Constitutional Law, 2006.

- S. Pajno, Regionalism in the Italian constitutional system, in 59th Congress of the International Commission for the History of Representative and Parliamentary Institutions, 2009.

Thursday 14th May 2020

Prof. Lupo

4. The Italian parliamentary form of Government

The analysis of the Italian form of government will focus essentially on the Parliament, the Government and their relationship. The role of the President of the Republic and of the Constitutional Court, although essential, will remain at the background. Therefore, lecture will start from the examination of the main features of the symmetrical bicameral legislature comprising a Chamber of Deputies and Senate. This lesson will set out the main characteristics of these two houses, also in the light of the changing electoral politics. The lesson will address, in particular: the main organisational features of the Italian Parliament; the pivotal rules of procedure of the two houses; the legislative process; decree-laws and legislative decrees. Then, the lesson will be devoted to the Government, looking at the structural features of the Government, with its essential and additional components and the confidence relationship between both houses and the Government.

- N. Lupo, Failed constitutional reforms and silent constitutional transformations on Executive-Legislative relations: The case of Italy, in print.

- N. Lupo, Confidence or Diffidence in Law-Making? The evolution of the “normative role” of the Italian Government, in print.

Friday 15th May 2020

Proff. Fasone and Lupo

5.The Italian relationship with the European Union

Being Italy one of the founding Member States of the European Union (originally, European Community) its contemporary constitutional history has been closely intertwined with the evolution of the European integration process. The lecture will first deal with Article 11 of the Italian Constitution, as the bulwark of the Italian participation in the Union, and with the following related case law of the Italian Constitutional Court, with a gradual but incremental rapproachment to the position of the European Court of Justice in particular with regard to the principles of primary and direct effect and the role of ordinary judges as “judges of EU law”. Other salient moments will be consequently analyses, from the consultative referendum of 1989, to the constitutional amendment of Article 117, first section It. Const. (again const. law no. 3/2001) and the constitutional reform of 2012. A special attention will be devoted, on the one hand, to the Italian framework legislation defining tools and procedures for the national participation in EU affairs (Law no 234/2012); on the other, to the role of the Italian Constitutional Court in the last decade, since it made its first of the four preliminary references to the Court of Justice of the EU in 2008. The very final part of the lecture will deal, instead, with the rule of law challenges faced by Italy, the place of the EU in this respect, and the crucial role played by the President of the Italian Republic and by the Constitutional Court.

Readings:

- C. Fasone, The rule of law crisis in Italy in the framework of the European Union, in Kobe University Law Review, 2020

- G. Martinico and G. Repetto, Fundamental Rights and Constitutional Duels in Europe: An Italian Perspective on Case 269/2017of the Italian Constitutional Court and Its Aftermath, in European Constitutional Law Review, 2019.

- G. Piccirilli, The ‘Taricco Saga’: the Italian Constitutional Court continues its European Journey, in European Constitutional Law Review, 2018.

- N. Lupo and G. Piccirilli, Conclusion: 'Silent' Constitutional Transformations: The Italian Way of Adapting to the European Union, in N. Lupo and G. Piccirilli (eds.), The Italian Parliament in the European Union, 2017

6. The Italian response to the COVID-19 outbreak: a first constitutional assessment

The final lecture, to be given by both instructors together, will investigate the reaction of the Italian authorities to the COVID-19 emergency from a constitutional perspective. After having briefly outlined how the Italian Constitution deals with the emergency (or which leeway can be used to tackle emergency situations), the lecture will examine a series of important elements shaping the response of the Italian democratic system – maybe, similarly to what occurred elsewhere – to the coronavirus outbreak since the end of January 2020: the use of the sources of the law, the relationship between politics and technical expertise, the form of government and the role of the Parliament, the postponement of the constitutional referendum of the decrease in the number of MPs and senators (expected to take place in March), the relationship between the State and the regions, as well as the relationship with the European Union over the last three months. To conclude a few words will be spent on the difficult balancing exercise the coronavirus threat requests to carry out between right to health care (and to life) and other rights and public interests in a situation in which courts (including the Italian Constitutional Court) have not been prominently involved in constitutional and legal disputes so far.

Readings:

- S. Civitarese Matteucci, The Italian Response to Coronavirus and Constitutional Disagreement, in UK Constitutional Law Blog, 2020

- M. Simoncini, The Need for Clear Competences in Times of Crisis, in Verfassungsblog, 2020

- D. Tega and M. Massa, Fighting COVID 19 – Legal Powers and Risks: Italy, in Verfassungsblog, 2020.

Further readings:

- Giuseppe Franco Ferrari (ed), Introduction to Italian Public Law, 2nd edition, Giuffrè, 2018 (beyond what indicated by the instructors)

- Vittoria Barsotti, Paolo G. Carozza, Marta Cartabia, Andrea Simoncini, Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context, OUP, 2015

- Erik Jones, Gianfranco Pasquino (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015

- Maurizio Cotta, Luca Verzichelli, Political Institutions in Italy, OUP, 2007

The official English version of the Italian Constitution, to be consulted, is available here:

https://www.senato.it/application/xmanager/projects/leg18/file/repository/relazioni/libreria/novita/XVII/COST_INGLESE.pdf

Metody i kryteria oceniania: (tylko po angielsku)

The final exam will consist in answering in 20-25 lines (max) two of the four open questions to be provided by the instructors upon student's choice.

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2021/22" (zakończony)

Okres: 2022-02-21 - 2022-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:
Przejdź do planu
Typ zajęć:
Wykład, 10 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Maciej Serowaniec
Prowadzący grup: (brak danych)
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Wykład - Zaliczenie na ocenę

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2022/23" (zakończony)

Okres: 2023-02-20 - 2023-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:
Przejdź do planu
Typ zajęć:
Wykład, 10 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Maciej Serowaniec
Prowadzący grup: (brak danych)
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Wykład - Zaliczenie na ocenę

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2023/24" (w trakcie)

Okres: 2024-02-20 - 2024-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:
Przejdź do planu
Typ zajęć:
Wykład, 10 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Maciej Serowaniec
Prowadzący grup: (brak danych)
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Wykład - Zaliczenie na ocenę
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