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Introduction to Ancient Philosophy

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 2400-OG-EN-IAP
Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (0223) Filozofia i etyka Kod ISCED - Międzynarodowa Standardowa Klasyfikacja Kształcenia (International Standard Classification of Education) została opracowana przez UNESCO.
Nazwa przedmiotu: Introduction to Ancient Philosophy
Jednostka: Wydział Filozofii i Nauk Społecznych
Grupy: Blok Programu ERASMUS+ WH
Przedmioty ogólnouniwersyteckie
Zajęcia ogólnouniwersyteckie w j. obcym na WFiNS
Punkty ECTS i inne: 4.00 LUB 3.00 (zmienne w czasie) Podstawowe informacje o zasadach przyporządkowania punktów ECTS:
  • roczny wymiar godzinowy nakładu pracy studenta konieczny do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się dla danego etapu studiów wynosi 1500-1800 h, co odpowiada 60 ECTS;
  • tygodniowy wymiar godzinowy nakładu pracy studenta wynosi 45 h;
  • 1 punkt ECTS odpowiada 25-30 godzinom pracy studenta potrzebnej do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się;
  • tygodniowy nakład pracy studenta konieczny do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się pozwala uzyskać 1,5 ECTS;
  • nakład pracy potrzebny do zaliczenia przedmiotu, któremu przypisano 3 ECTS, stanowi 10% semestralnego obciążenia studenta.

zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Wymagania wstępne:

(tylko po angielsku) As a preparation for the course it is advisable to recall the basic information on the history, literature and art of ancient Greece.

Rodzaj przedmiotu:

przedmiot fakultatywny

Całkowity nakład pracy studenta:

(tylko po angielsku) Contact hours with teacher:

np.

- participation in lectures - 20 hrs

- consultations- 10 hrs


Self-study hours:

np.

- preparation for lectures - 20 hrs

- reading literature – 10 hrs

- writing essays/ papers/ projects- 20 hrs

- preparation for test- 20 hrs


Altogether: 100 hrs ( 4 ECTS)


Efekty uczenia się - wiedza:

(tylko po angielsku) W1: The student knows the ideas and arguments of the ancient philosophers based on primary sources and secondary literature.

W2: He/she is aware of relationship between the ideas contained in the texts, and can indicate the similarities and differences between them.


Efekty uczenia się - umiejętności:

(tylko po angielsku) U1: The student is able to read and interpret the philosophical texts from Greek tradition in their specific historical and cultural context and in relation to earlier and later philosophical tradition.

U2: He/she can point to the philosophical elements of the text, which are determined by the specificity of the history and culture of the ancient world.

U3: He/she can show examples of the differences and similarities between their ancient and the modern meaning.

U4: He/she can indicate the importance of literary form of the text for its interpretation and he/she can use basic forms (speech, eulogy, dialogue).


Efekty uczenia się - kompetencje społeczne:

(tylko po angielsku) K1: Student is open to new ideas and willing to change opinion in the light of the available data and arguments.

K2: He/she analyzes any beliefs, indicates their source and nature, recognizes and lists strengths and weaknesses.

K3: As a result, he/she evaluates and makes a critical choice of ideas.


Metody dydaktyczne:

(tylko po angielsku) Observation/demonstration teaching methods:

- description

- informative (conventional) lecture

- narration

Exploratory teaching methods:

- biographical

- brainstorming

- case study

- practical

- presentation of a paper


Metody dydaktyczne eksponujące:

- inscenizacja
- pokaz

Metody dydaktyczne podające:

- opis
- opowiadanie
- tekst programowany

Metody dydaktyczne poszukujące:

- biograficzna
- ćwiczeniowa
- giełda pomysłów
- klasyczna metoda problemowa
- projektu
- seminaryjna

Metody dydaktyczne w kształceniu online:

- metody rozwijające refleksyjne myślenie
- metody służące prezentacji treści
- metody wymiany i dyskusji

Skrócony opis:

The course is concerned with some selected problems of Greek philosophy. It discusses main sources of Greek philosophy, its birth and subsequent stages of development, such as: Pre-Socratic philosophy (from Thales to the Sophists), the main philosophical ideas of the classical period (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) and the philosophy of schools in Hellenistic era (Stoics, Epicureans and Skeptics). The development of the philosophy is presented on a broad cultural background, including some elements of history, literature and history of ancient art.

The course provides a basis for understanding of further development of philosophy and introduces ideas and concepts which lead to the formation of European culture.

Pełny opis: (tylko po angielsku)

This course is an introduction to ancient Greek philosophy open to all the students interested in humanities, especially in the history and development of European tradition. It is focused on some selected problems of philosophy of the so-called Presocratics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Stoics, Epicureans, and Sceptics (LO W1, W2). The acquired knowledge is based on the reading and interpretation of the selected literature (fragments of Presocratics, excerpts from Plato, Aristotle, and Hellenistic philosophers) and secondary literature prepared by the lecturer and made available on the Moodle platform to every participant (LO U1, U2). Each unit contains a list of the most essential philosophical terms related to a given philosopher or philosophical school (LO U3). The course's emphasis is on developing the ability to understand the ancient philosophical texts, reconstruct the historical context, and reveal the importance of literary genre for text interpretation (LO U4). Review of the main philosophical ideas, their comparison, and showing actuality of the ancient philosophical ideas allows the student to analyze and evaluate the presented beliefs and increases awareness of the importance of tradition in the development of European culture (LO K1, K2, K3).

The course will start with the class concerned with introductory information related to course program, topics to be discussed, unit structure, e-resources, requirements, etc. (UNIT 1).

The next class will be concerned with a short overview of Greek Philosophy. Based on the general overview, the students will be asked to select the most exciting philosopher or school of thought and justify their selection (UNIT 2).

Next classes will be devoted to the presentation of Greek philosophy in chronological order. We will start with the origins of philosophy and the main questions asked by the so-called Pre-socratic philosophers. During the subsequent classes, there will be discussed various answers to the question about the nature of reality (first principles, the problem of change and rest) and the conception of Heraclitus' "harmony of the opposites" (The Ionian School of Philosophy and Heraclitus - UNIT 3), the Pythagorean dualism of body and soul, Parmenides' doctrine of being, Empedocles' idea of Love and Strife ("The Italian School of Philosophy - UNIT 4).

The Sophists and Socrates mark the beginning of the new "humanistic" period in philosophy. Under discussion, there will be some selected ideas of the representatives of the so-called "sophistic movement", such as Protagoras' man-measure doctrine and the sophistic opposition of nature and convention. The next topic is the life and thought of Socrates. During the class, it will be attempted to reconstruct Socrates's biography and understand the reasons for his being sentenced to death. Then it will be discussed Socrates' philosophical heritage: a method of questioning, the notion of virtue, and the Socratic paradox "Virtue is knowledge" (UNIT 5).

The scrutiny of Plato's thought will commence with a general overview of Plato's literary heritage and then, with the most famous philosophical theory, i.e., the theory of forms (Platonic love and allegory of the cave) (UNIT 6). During the next class on Plato, we will attempt to reconstruct and assess Plato's utopia of the ideal society (philosophers - kings) (UNIT 7).

The presentation of the philosophy of Aristotle will commence with his metaphysical vocabulary (the basic metaphysical concepts such as substance, essence, accident, potentiality, actuality, matter, form, the "first mover"), followed by a discussion of the Aristotelian ethics (the concepts of three types of life, of virtue and of the golden mean) (UNIT 8).

The discussion of the philosophy of the Hellenistic period will include a description of the main ideas of the Stoic school (Marcus Aurelius), Epicurus' way of life, and the sceptical suspension of judgment (Pyrrho, Sextus Empiricus) (UNIT 9).

During the last class, the final test will be carried out (UNIT 10).

Literatura: (tylko po angielsku)

• A. Kenny, A new History of Western Philosophy, vol. I: Ancient Philosophy, Oxford 2004 (.pdf file)

• A. Kenny, An Illustrated brief History of Western Philosophy, 2006.

• P. Stokes, Philosophy – 100 Essential thinkers, London 2002 (.pdf file)

• W. Kaufman, Philosophical classic, vol. I: Thales to Ockham, 1961 (.pdf file)

• The First Philosophers: The Presocratics and Sophists, a new translation by Robin Waterfield, Oxford 2000 (.pdf file)

• H. Diels, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Dublin/Zurich 1969 (.pdf file)

• G. S. Kirk/J. E. Raven, The Presocratic Philosophers, Cambridge 1957 (.pdf file)

• Diogenes Laertius, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, trans. by C. D. Yonge, London 1853.

• K. Popper, Open Society and its Enemies, Routledge London 1945.

E-resources

• "Google books" (URL)

• NCU Library (URL)

• Perseus Digital Library (URL)

• Internet Archive (URL)

• You Tube (URL)

• A Quick History of Philosophy (URL)

• The history of Greece – basic information (URL

• History of Philosophy part 1/3 (URL)

• Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (URL)

• Heraclitus – selected sentences URL

• B. Russell, Heraclitus in: History of Western Philosophy, 1946, pp. 57–66 (audiobook)

• B. Russell, The Pythagoreans, in: A new History of Western Philosophy, vol. I: Ancient Philosophy, Oxford 2004, pp. 9–10. (audiobook)

• B. Russell, Empedocles, in: History of Western Philosophy, 1946, pp. 72–76. (audiobook)

• Socrates on Encyclopedia Channel (URL)

• B. Russell, Protagoras, in: History of Western Philosophy, 1946, pp. 94-101. (audiobook)

• Plato on Encyclopedia Channel (URL)

• Bryan Magee talks to Myles Burnyeat about Plato parts 1–6. (URL)

• Plato on: the Allegory of the Cave (URL)

• Aristotle, Short presentation (URL)

• Bryan Magee talks to Martha Nussbaum about Aristotle (video clip), parts 1-3. (URL)

Metody i kryteria oceniania: (tylko po angielsku)

Students will be required to complete and pass

9 writing assignments,

11 quizzes,

1 presentation,

and the final test.

Students will also be required to read outside of class, participate meaningfully and respectfully in online discussions, maintain good attendance, have a respectful and positive attitude!

Methodology

A combination of lecture, class discussion, presentations, videos, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning will be used in this course. Grades will be determined by the satisfactory and timely completion of assignments. The grade of each assignment is based on the prerequisite given for each assignment.

Points scoring

Graded Items

Points

% of Final Grade

Homework

9 x 3 = 27

27%

Attendance

10 x 1 = 10

10%

Quizzes

11 x 2 = 22

22%

Introduction

1

1%

Presentation

6

6%

Questionnaire

1

1%

Final Exam

33

33%

100

100%

Final course score and final grade equivalent

Insufficient (2) - (0-60%)

Sufficient (3) - (60-68%)

Satisfactory (3+) - (68-76%)

Good (4) - (76-84%)

Very Good (4+) - (84-92%)

Excellent (5) - (92-100%)

Assessment methods:

- activity – W1, W2, U1, U2, U3, U4, K1, K2, K3

- quizzes – W1, W2, U1, U2

- essays - W1, W2, U1, U2, U3, U4, K2, K3

- posts published in the Discussion Forum - W1, W2, U1, U2, U3, K1, K2, K3

- Final Test - W1, W2, U1, U2

The prerequisite requirement of the admission to the Final Test is the activity during classes, and the completion of the all the components of the course such as quizzes, essays and posts.

The student work is assessed in several ways, which are all closely connected with the tructure of the course and the implemented activities.

• IN THE PRESENTATION SECTION – the presentation prepared by the students is assessed not only by the lecturer, but also by other students by means of Choice activity.

• IN THE QUIZ SECTION: a test checking the comprehension of the material presented in the historical section.

• IN THE PRACTICAL SECTION Glossary activity helps to assess student's grasp of the main ideas of the topic and of the terms discussed, his/her activity, and the ability to build definitions.

• IN THE ASSIGNMEN/HOMEWORK SECTION - the Assignment/Homework activity allows to evaluate the student's work

• IN THE ASSESMENT OF THE STUDENT PRESENTATION SECTION - mutual assessment of homework by students takes place.

• IN THE DISCUSSION FORUM SECTION - the Forum allows to assess student's activity by giving insight into the Discussion Forum entries.

• THE FINAL TEST – the online Quiz activity – the test is composed of 45 questions concerning each course unit randomly selected from the Question Bank. The prerequisite of admission to the Final Test is the completion of the all the components of the course such as quizzes, posts, presentations and assignments.

Students will also be required to read outside of class, participate meaningfully and respectfully in online discussions, maintain good attendance, have a respectful and positive attitude!

Methodology

A combination of lecture, class discussion, presentations, videos, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning will be used in this course. Grades will be determined by the satisfactory and timely completion of assignments. The grade of each assignment is based on the prerequisite given for each assignment.

Points scoring

Graded Items

Points

% of Final Grade

Homework

9 x 3 = 27

27%

Attendance

10 x 1 = 10

10%

Quizzes

11 x 2 = 22

22%

Introduction

1

1%

Presentation

6

6%

Questionnaire

1

1%

Final Exam

33

33%

100

100%

Final course score and final grade equivalent

Insufficient (2) - (0-60%)

Sufficient (3) - (60-68%)

Satisfactory (3+) - (68-76%)

Good (4) - (76-84%)

Very Good (4+) - (84-92%)

Excellent (5) - (92-100%)

Praktyki zawodowe: (tylko po angielsku)

not applicable

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2017/18" (zakończony)

Okres: 2018-02-26 - 2018-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć:
Konwersatorium, 20 godzin, 25 miejsc więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Prowadzący grup: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Konwersatorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2018/19" (zakończony)

Okres: 2019-02-25 - 2019-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć:
Konwersatorium, 20 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Prowadzący grup: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Konwersatorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2019/20" (zakończony)

Okres: 2020-02-29 - 2020-09-20
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć:
Konwersatorium, 20 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Prowadzący grup: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Konwersatorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2020/21" (zakończony)

Okres: 2021-02-22 - 2021-09-20
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć:
Konwersatorium, 20 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Prowadzący grup: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Strona przedmiotu: https://moodle.umk.pl/WFINS/course/view.php?id=664
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Konwersatorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Skrócony opis:

Dear Students,

I am writing to remind you that our next class will take place on the 10th of March and the classes will be offered every two weeks.

Please use the link

https://vc.umk.pl/b/zbi-cre-ath

to join the meeting.

If you have not done it yet, please use the link below to sign up for the Moodle platform course:

https://moodle.umk.pl/WFINS/course/view.php?id=664

Pełny opis:

Dear Students,

I am writing to remind you that our next class will take place on the 10th of March and the classes will be offered every two weeks.

Please use the link

https://vc.umk.pl/b/zbi-cre-ath

to join the meeting.

If you have not done it yet, please use the link below to sign up for the Moodle platform course:

https://moodle.umk.pl/WFINS/course/view.php?id=664

Best regards,

Zbigniew Nerczuk

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2021/22" (w trakcie)

Okres: 2022-02-21 - 2022-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć:
Konwersatorium, 20 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Prowadzący grup: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Strona przedmiotu: https://moodle.umk.pl/course/view.php?id=995
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Konwersatorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Skrócony opis:

Moodle course ID:

https://moodle.umk.pl/course/view.php?id=995

Please use the link

https://vc.umk.pl/b/zbi-cre-ath

to join the meeting.

Pełny opis:

Dear Students,

Please use the link

https://vc.umk.pl/b/zbi-cre-ath

to join the meeting.

If you have not done it yet, please use the link below to sign up for the Moodle platform course:

https://moodle.umk.pl/course/view.php?id=995

Best regards,

Zbigniew Nerczuk

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2022/23" (jeszcze nie rozpoczęty)

Okres: 2023-02-20 - 2023-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć:
Konwersatorium, 20 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Prowadzący grup: Zbigniew Nerczuk
Strona przedmiotu: https://moodle.umk.pl/course/view.php?id=995
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Konwersatorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Skrócony opis:

Moodle course ID:

https://moodle.umk.pl/course/view.php?id=995

Please use the link

https://vc.umk.pl/b/zbi-cre-ath

to join the meeting.

Pełny opis:

Dear Students,

Please use the link

https://vc.umk.pl/b/zbi-cre-ath

to join the meeting.

If you have not done it yet, please use the link below to sign up for the Moodle platform course:

https://moodle.umk.pl/course/view.php?id=995

Best regards,

Zbigniew Nerczuk

Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu.
ul. Jurija Gagarina 11, 87-100 Toruń tel: +48 56 611-40-10 https://usosweb.umk.pl/ kontakt deklaracja dostępności USOSweb 6.8.0.0-3 (2022-08-19)